THE GEOMETRY OF WAR:

FORTIFICATION PLANS FROM 18TH-CENTURY AMERICA

 

Curated by: Brian Leigh Dunnigan

 

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“Fortification . . . is the art of fortifying a town, or other place; or of putting it in such a posture of defence, that every one of its parts defends, and is defended by some other parts, by means of ramparts, parapets, ditches, and other outworks; to the end that a small number of men within may be able to defend themselves for a considerable time against the assaults of a numerous army without; so that the enemy . . . must of necessity suffer great loss.”
George Smith, An Universal Military Dictionary (London, 1779)